Genocide occurs when there are genocidal acts and genocidal intent. International criminal law defines genocide as certain intentional acts committed to destroy a protected group—defined as an national, ethnic, racial, or religious group—in whole or in part. The Sri Lankan government has committed repeated genocides against the Tamil people.
This page aims to increase understanding of the Tamil genocides in 1983 and 2009 through educational and artistic resources. Civil society organizations and actors, please join our call for formal recognition of the Tamil genocide and for paths to international justice for Tamil victim-survivors.
This Explanatory Note was written as a reader’s aid to Bill 104 and does not form part of the law. Bill 104 has been enacted as Chapter 11 of the Statutes of Ontario, 2021. The Bill proclaims the seven-day period in each year ending on May 18 as Tamil Genocide Education Week.
In recent years, several federal, provincial, and city-level Canadian politicians and British Members of Parliament (MPs) as well as Members of Provincial Parliament (MPPs) have joined in labeling the 2009 atrocities by the Sri Lankan state genocide or calling for international investigations into allegations of Tamil genocide.
27 November marks Martyrs Day -the Maveerar Naal. Maveerar Naal is a Tamil National Memory Day. Every year, November is an emotional time for Eelam Tamils and the supporters of Eelam Tamil struggle for sovereignty from Sri Lanka. On this day, worldwide, Tamils commemorate the sacrifices of Eelam Tamil warriors, freedom fighters -men, women and children who laid down their lives and became martyr-heroes-Maveerar.
Deliberately attacking a hospital is a war crime.
Attacks on hospitals in the Vanni (December 15, 2008-February 15, 2009)
Information compiled by Human Rights Watch from interviews with aid agencies and eyewitnesses.
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